News  Essays Collection Introduce the Group  

1998年3月26日 星期四

Territorial Development Strategy Review

 File Ref. : PELB(CR) TC 15/95 Pt 9

Provisional Legislative Council Brief
TERRITORIAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY REVIEW
FINAL EXECUTIVE REPORT

INTRODUCTION
At the meeting of the Executive Council on 24 February 1998, the Council ADVISED and the Chief Executive ORDERED that Final Executive Report of the Territorial Development Strategy Review (TDSR) be adopted for carrying out detailed plans and programmes for the future development of Hong Kong.

BACKGROUND
2. The primary goal of the TDSR is to establish a broad long-term land use-transport-environmental planning framework within which the necessary land and infrastructure can be provided, having regard to resource availability, to enable Hong Kong to continue to grow as a regional and an international "City of Vision" and to maintain and enhance its image as an attractive place in which to live and work, taking account of development trends in South China, especially in the Pearl River Delta (PRD).
3. The TDSR is based on current policies and standards for implementing both short and medium term plans. Provisions have been made to enable changes required for on-going reviews.
4. The following objectives have been adopted as the principal means to achieve the main aim :

Objective 1 : To enhance Hong Kong's role as an international city and a regional centre for business, finance, information, tourism, entrepot activities and manufacturing.

Objective 2: To ensure that needs for various land uses, particularly housing, and infrastructure are satisfied.

Objective 3: To make Hong Kong an attractive place by conserving and enhancing significant landscape and ecological attributes, and important heritage features.

Objective 4: To enhance and protect the quality of the environment.

Objective 5: To provide a framework within which a multi-choice, high capacity, safe, efficient, economically viable and acceptable transport system can be developed to facilitate economic growth and development of strategic growth areas.

Objective 6: To formulate a strategy that can be carried out by both the public and private sectors under variable circumstances.

5. In formulating a range of strategic development options, two broad scenarios were initially assumed, as follows -

(a)Scenario A:this postulates that the Pearl River Delta (PRD) will be the major economic hinterland of Hong Kong over the long term. For this scenario, a 2011 territorial population of 7.5 million people was assumed;
(b)Scenario B:this postulates that Guangdong Province and other provinces of China will be the major economic hinterland of Hong Kong. For this scenario, a 2011 population of 8.1 million people was assumed.

6. The current territorial population projections issued by the Commissioner for Census and Statistics in May 1997 anticipate a population of about 7.8 million by 2011 and 8.2 million by 2016. It is considered that for strategic planning purposes, the Scenario B assumption of 8.1 million for 2011 should be used. However, projects would be programmed and implemented having regard to current population projections, especially for the medium term.


PUBLIC CONSULTATION
Outcome of the Public Consultation
7. In July 1996, a six-month public consultation exercise on the TDSR was launched. Briefings and discussions were held with professional, academic, statutory, advisory and community bodies. From the responses received, the following main points of concern have been identified -

  1. a more "visionary" approach to strategic planning should be adopted to examine options for a "maximum" level of population growth and development in Hong Kong beyond 2011;
  2. the scale of economic-related growth demands should be regulated to relieve development pressures in Hong Kong, especially the further expansion of the port;
  3. there is a need to reduce development pressures in Hong Kong through measures to control population growth;
  4. there is a need for a wider regional approach to strategic planning;
  5. "satellite" communities should be developed in the PRD for Hong Kong people, by way of special arrangements with the appropriate authorities;
  6. steps should be taken towards the liberalisation of planning policies and controls, along with the provision of new infrastructure, to promote additional strategic growth in under-utilised lowlying areas of the New Territories;
  7. more emphasis should be placed on urban renewal as a strategic planning objective;
  8. there should be a strategy that does not depend solely on harbour reclamations;
  9. land production and infrastructure provision should be accelerated;
  10. the provision of housing should be accelerated;
  11. the development of new forms of industry and the redevelopment of old industrial areas for other purposes should be encouraged;
  12. there is a need to promote the decentralisation of business activities and other job opportunities to easily accessible non-Metro areas so as to help redress the imbalance between the distribution of places where people live and work, thereby helping to reduce commuter traffic flows, ameliorate noise and air pollution, and save on energy fuel supplies;
  13. there is a need to direct more resources and efforts to the provision of additional, high-capacity passenger rail systems preferably ahead of development to provide a catalyst for investment in strategic growth areas that, in turn, should be of adequate scale to create a "critical mass" of travel demands to produce a financially viable passenger rail system;
  14. a longer time period should be assumed for planning the provision of key infrastructure and opportunities for strategic development beyond the present planning horizon of 2011;
  15. consideration should be given to setting up high-level institutional mechanisms to better co-ordinate land development and infrastructure provision;
  16. in responding to escalating development pressures, more efforts should be made in respect of environmental protection, including policies and programmes to minimise negative pressures and to conserve natural resources; and
  17. the policy towards the retention of land for agricultural use should be clarified and a coherent conservation policy administered by an appropriate authority should be instituted.
8. The above points have been carefully studied. A report has been prepared, indicating where it is considered appropriate for adjustments to be made to the TDSR proposals.
9. Over the past years, a number of key studies have been completed relating to issues identified by TDSR such as future demand for housing, the replanning of Central-East Kowloon, the development of Kai Tak - Kowloon Bay, acceleration and intensification of development at Tseung Kwan O and North Lantau, future demands for office development, the redevelopment potential of the Metro Area, a review of the future role of industry, the optimum usage of Hong Kong marine waters, a review of studies relating to the impact of harbour reclamation's and the planning of new cross-border transport links.
10. The outcome of the public consultation and results from the above-mentioned studies form a basis for the Final Executive Report.


Broad Time Frames under the TDSR
11. The TDSR assumed four broad time frames, the respective aim of which is as follows -
  • The Short Term up to 2001 - to focus on the speediest possible implementation of individual projects already in the pipeline, especially with regard to housing;

  • The Medium Term from 2001 - 2006 - to accelerate the detailed design and implementation of already planned larger scale land development and related infrastructure projects on a more co-ordinated basis. Many of the land development projects are required for housing;

  • The Long Term from 2006 - 2011 - to promulgate and complete as soon as possible a number of integrated planning and development studies for additional strategic growth areas to provide a framework for the subsequent implementation of priority projects; and

  • An Extended Time Horizon beyond 2011 - to study new strategic development concepts, in the context of future regional development scenarios identified for further consideration in ongoing reviews of the TDS.


KEY POINTS OF THE TDSR

(a)Housing Needs

  • A long-term policy target has been set to achieve a housing production level of no less than 85,000 flats a year in the public and private sectors, based on the population forecasts and estimates of long-term housing demand. Of the 85,000 flats a year, government will build 50,000 flats in the public sector and will facilitate the production of 35,000 flats in the private sector.
  • Government will provide sufficient housing land to the Housing Authority and Housing Society to achieve the production target of 50,000 flats a year from 1999/2000 onwards to meet estimated requirements.
  • Of the 35,000 flats to be provided by the private sector, some will come from redevelopment and lease modification depending on demand situation and commercial decisions. For flats to be produced from new land, recognizing there may be short-term variations in actual annual delivery of flats, government would closely monitor the housing production level and exercise flexibility in the land disposal programme to meet market demand. Our policy objective is to ensure adequate and stable housing land supply to cater for the needs of the community.
  • For the Short Term up to 2001, our current plans and programmes have sufficient potential capacity to meet the policy target, through target-oriented programmes.
  • For the Medium Term, between 2001-2006, the aim is to satisfy forecast demand through development of reserved sites, build-back from redevelopment and reuse of existing sites, supply of housing sites and strategic growth areas.
  • To meet the Long Term housing needs between 2006 to 2011, in addition to the above sources of supply, development potential of the North-Western New Territories, North-Eastern New Territories and Hong Kong Island South and Lamma Island will be studied.
Speeding up Development Process
  • To ensure adequate supply of housing, steps have been taken to streamline development processes. Land use policy are being reviewed to facilitate rezoning of existing land, where infrastructural capacity and environmental considerations permit. We have also introduced legislation in 1998 to facilitate land assembly by the private sector.
(b)Initiatives to create Employment

  • An Office Land Development Strategy is proposed to sustain Hong Kong's hub function as a regional and international centre for business, services and finance. There will be a more dispersed pattern of commercial development within the Metro Area around strategically located passenger rail interchanges.
  • There will be an expansion of information-based and knowledge-based tertiary services that form part of a long, extra-territorial chain of manufacturing activities.
  • We should explore opportunities for economic diversification by encouraging new types of enterprises involving the application of higher technology and production of higher-value-added products.
(c)Transport

  • Provision should be made at an early stage in the development process for high-capacity passenger rail systems, supplemented by a network of road-based public transport services.
  • Recommended key railway projects include KCRC West Rail, MTR extension to Tseung Kwan O, Ma On Shan to Tai Wai Rail Link, East Kowloon Route, rail corridor along the central north shore of Hong Kong Island, MTR extension to Green Island, KCR extension to West Kowloon and a possible new cross-harbour line.
  • We proposed a denser web of N-S and E-W high-capacity expressways plus new cross-border highways including Central-Wanchai By-pass and Island East Corridor Link, Route 7 from Aberdeen to Western, Route 9 from Tsing Yi to West Kowloon, new connection from Tseung Kwan O to South East Kowloon, highway linking up Green Island to North Lantau, Tsing Lung Tau, Yuen Long and Deep Bay with possible connection to new regional links, highway through eastern New Territories linking up with Metro Areas.
(d)Urban Renewal

  • The Metro area is expected to remain as the major activity area where people live and work. A comprehensive review of the Metroplan is being undertaken together with the formulation of an Urban Renewal Strategy and the establishment of an Urban Renewal Authority by 1999.
(e)Focus on 2001-2006 Medium-Term Strategy

  • Top priority is focused on meeting the 2001-2006 housing and development needs of Hong Kong by developing undeveloped residential sites, supplementary housing sites, rezoning of obsolete industrial areas and development of Strategic Growth Areas.
(f)Other Recommendations

  • Establishment of a Science Park, major port development projects, promotion of non-Metro-based tourist attractions.
  • Extensions of country and marine parks where appropriate and maintaining ecological integrity of the Mai Po Marshes.
  • Implementing Strategic Sewage Disposal Strategy and measures to minimise waste generation and reduce air pollution.
(g)Co-ordination of Plans and Programmes

  • The implementation of the TDSR recommendations requires careful co-ordination of policies, resources allocation, preparation of plans and implementation of works. Such co-ordination will need to be taken at the project implementation level through target-oriented programmes and at the policy level.
(h)Distant Vision

  • Looking into the future beyond 2011, in view of the role of Hong Kong as a "hub" to further support economic development on the Mainland, we should examine the following: - future scale and location of port and related facilities;
    - enhance accessibility of the airport at Chek Lap Kok to the Mainland;
    - provision of East -West highway system for the New Territories and cross-boundary connections to eastern parts of the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone;
    - possibility of new strategic growth areas; and
    - possibility of some of Hong Kong's growth needs to be met by developments from Shenzhen to Guangzhou.
  • In this context, we should strengthen cross-boundary liaison on strategic land-use planning, common environmental concerns, new transport links, and port and airport development priorities.
(i)Sustainability

  • As the TDSR's development framework is demand-led, there is concern on whether we can cope with the economic pressures in the years to come. There is a need to consider a system by which corporate decisions striking a balance between the economic, social and environmental needs of Hong Kong can best be made. This is the major task of the Study on Sustainable Development for the 21st Century (SUSDEV21) commissioned in September 1997.


ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATIONS
12. On the basis of existing policies and technologies, the Strategic Environmental Assessment, has shown that there would be some residual environmental consequences arising from the medium and long term strategy. Such concerns highlight the need for timely actions to tackle the perceived problems on a broad front, including reduction of air pollution from vehicle emission at source and through better transport - environmental planning, acceleration of the Strategic Sewage Disposal Strategy, implementation of a waste-to-energy plant, measures to reduce waste, assessment of cumulative impacts of developments, effective protection of important ecological resources, and effective policies and programmes to help achieve environmentally sustainable development.


FINANCIAL IMPLICATIONS
13. A broad financial evaluation was made of various strategic development options. Focusing on the Recommended Medium-Term Strategy, it was estimated that there could be an overall net return to the public sector of about HK$232 billion (at 1995 prices). Overall public sector expenditure for land development for strategic growth packages, strategic highways and railways was assessed to be in the order of HK$239 billion. More detailed assessments will be made as and when feasibility studies for individual projects are undertaken.


ECONOMIC IMPLICATIONS
14. Similarly, our previous studies established that the long-term TDSR proposals would bring about considerable economic benefits to Hong Kong with an overall economic rate of return of 13.5% and an aggregate contribution to GDP of about $114 billion (at 1995 prices) for Scenario B. We expect that the current TDSR proposals would bring similar results.


PUBLICITY
15. A press conference will be held and a press release will be issued today.


INQUIRY
16. If you have any inquiries, please contact Mr Wilson Fung, Principal Assistant Secretary for Planning, Environment and Lands at 28482119.


Planning, Environment and Lands Bureau
26 March 1998



P1-LEGCO B-TDS-FR1.DOC

全港發展策略檢討 最後摘要報告

檔號:PELB(CR) TC 15/95 Pt 9

臨時立法會參考資料摘要
全港發展策略檢討
最後摘要報告
引言

行政會議在1998年2月24日的會議席上提議,並由行政
長官覑令採納全港發展策略檢討的最後摘要報告,以
推行香港未來發展的詳細計劃和綱領。

背景

2.全港發展策略檢討的主要目的,是要在考慮到華南地
區,特別是珠江三角洲的發展趨勢,確立一個廣泛而長
遠土地用途 - 運輸 - 環境規劃架構。這個架構在資源
許可的情下,會提供所需的土地和基礎設施,使香港
能繼續成為區域和國際的「理想之雠」,使香港繼續成
為一個安居樂業的地方,並加強這方面的形象。

3.全港發展策略檢討,是建基於現時實施短期和中期計
劃的政策和標準的。不過,亦能夠因應不斷進行的檢討
結果作出改變。

4.當局將會採納以下的目標為基本的方法,以達到主要
的目的:

      目標1:加強本港作為國際城市和區域商業、金
      融、資訊、旅遊、轉口活動和製造業中心的角
      色。

      目標2:確保對各類土地用途的需求得到滿足,
      特別是房屋和基礎設施。

      目標3:保護重要的景觀、生態環境和古物古蹟
      ,並加以改進,使香港成為吸引的地方。

      目標4:加強和保護環境的質素。

      目標5:提供一個架構,使可以發展多選擇、高
      容量、安全、有效、在經濟上可行和可以接受
      的運輸系統,以促進策略性增長區的經濟增長
      和發展。

      目標6:制定一個在不同情況下由公私營機構均
      可實施的策略。

5.在制定一連串策略性發展選擇時,最初假設了兩個廣
泛的方案,情況如下 -

   1. 方案A:假定在長遠來說,珠江三角洲是香港的
      主要經濟腹地。這個 方案假設全港在2011年有
      750萬人口;

   2. 方案B:假定廣東省和中國其他省份是香港的主
      要經濟腹地。這個方 案假設全港在2011年有
      810萬人口。

6.政府統計處處長在1997年5月發表的現時全港人口推
算中,預測到2011年將有約780萬人口,而到了2016年
,則有820萬人口。當局認為在策略規劃而言,應採用
方案B 2011年810萬人口的假設。不過,在編訂和實施
計劃時,則應考慮現時的人口推算,特別是中期人口推
算。

公眾諮詢

公眾諮詢的結果

7.在1996年7月,當局就全港發展策略檢討進行了為期
6個月的公眾諮詢工作。當局曾向專業和學術界人士、
法定、諮詢和社區組織進行簡介檢討的情,並與他
們進行討論。從所收到的回應中,我們確定出下列各
項主要的關注事項 -

   1. 應採用更具「前瞻性」的策略性規劃方法,以便
      可以研究香港在2011年以後,「最高」水平的人
      口增長和發展方案;

   2. 應控制與經濟有關的增長需求的規模,以紓緩香
      港的發展壓力,特別是在港口進一步擴展方面;

   3. 有需要透過控制人口增長的措施,減少香港的發
      展壓力;

   4. 需要更廣泛的區域策略性規劃方法;

   5. 應與有關當局進行特別安排,以便為港人在珠江
      三角洲發展「衛星」社區;

   6. 逐步邁向規劃政策和管制自由化,再加上提供新
      基礎設施,以便在新界未完全發展的低窪鄉郊地
      區,容納額外的策略性增長;

   7. 更加強調市區重建,作為策略性規劃目標;

   8. 應制定一項無須完全依賴海港填海工程的策略;

   9. 應加快闢增土地和提供基礎設施;

  10. 應加快提供房屋;

  11. 應鼓勵發展新型工業,以及重建舊工業區作其他
      用途;

  12. 有需要提倡把商業活動和其他工作機會分散至交
      通便利的非雠會區,以便有助改善居住和就業二
      者空間分佈不平均的情況,從而協助減少往返工
      作地點的交通流量、改善噪音和空氣污染,以及
      節省能源燃料;

  13. 需要投入更多資源和工作,提供額外和高容量的
      客運鐵路系統。這個系統在發展前提供較為理想
      ,因為可以促進策略性增長區的投資效益,從而
      有足夠的規模來製造「足夠程度」的交通需求,
      以便產生一個在財政上可行的客運鐵路系統;

  14. 規劃主要的基礎設施時,應假設有較長的時期,
      把策略性發展延至現時2011年的規劃年限以後;

  15. 應考慮設立高層次的制度及機制,以改善土地發
      展和基礎設施的統籌工作;

  16. 為應付逐漸增加的發展壓力,應在環境保護方面
      進行更多工作,當中包括制定政策和計劃,以盡
      量減低負面的壓力和保護天然資源;以及

  17. 應澄清預留土地作農業用途的政策,以及制定一
      項由適當權力當局管理的統一的保育政策。

8.當局已經審慎研究過上述各點,並已備妥一份報告,
列明如何能適當地修訂全港發展策略檢討的建議。

9.在過去數年,當局已經完成了關於全港發展策略檢討
提出的問題的多項主要研究工作,其中包括房屋的未來
需求、九龍中、東部的重新規劃、啟德 -九龍灣的發展
、加速和增強發展將軍澳和北大嶼山、辦公室發展的未
來需求、雠會區的重建潛質、檢討工業在未來所扮演的
角色、香港水域的最佳用途、有關海港填海的影響的檢
討研究,以及新跨境運輸連接的規劃。

10.公眾諮詢結果和上述研究結果均會成為最終摘要報
告的基礎。

全港發展策略檢討的時間範圍

11.全港發展策略檢討假設了以下四個概¼時間範圍,
每個年期的目標如下:

      ·短期規劃至二零零一年︰這個年期目的是致力
      盡快落實已在進行中的個別工程計劃,特別是房
      屋方面的計劃;

      ·中期規劃由二零零一至二零零六年︰這個年期
      目的是以更協調的方式,加快已規劃的較大型土
      地發展與相關基礎設施工程計劃的詳細設計和實
      施;其中許多土地發展計劃都是用來配合房屋發
      展的;

      ·長遠規劃由二零零六至二零一一年︰這個年期
      目的是公布及盡快完成多項為新策略性增長地區
      而進行的綜合規劃及發展研究,以期為實施重點
      工程項目計劃提供發展次序大綱;以及

      ·延至二零一一年以後延長的時間範圍︰研究當
      局就長遠的區域發展情況,所找出新的策略性發
      展概念,以供不斷進行檢討全港發展策略時的進
      一步考慮。

全港發展策略檢討的重點

   1. 房屋需求 ·當局已制定長遠的政策目標,務求根據人口及
      長遠房屋需求的預測,要求公共和私人機構達到
      每年供應不少於85,000個單位的水平。在每年提
      供的85,000個單位之中,政府將會在公共機構提
      供50,000個單位,並會協助私人機構提供35,000
      個單位。

      ·政府將會為房屋委員會及房屋協會提供足夠的
      房屋土地,以達到自1999/2000年度開始,每年
      供應50,000個單位的目標,以配合預計的需求。

      ·在由私人機構提供的35,000個單位之中,部分
      將會來自重建及契約經修訂的樓宇,但須視乎需
      求的情況及商業的決定而定。至於將會在新土地
      上興建的單位,鑑於明白到實際上每年建成的單
      位數目或會出現短期的變化,政府將會密切監察
      房屋的建造水平,並會彈性推行批地計劃,以配
      合市場的需求。我們的政策目標,是要確保房屋
      土地的供應充足而穩定,以配合社會的需要。

      ·關於至2001年的短期房屋需求,透過目標為本
      的計劃,我們目前的計劃和方案具備充足的潛在
      容量來達到政策目標。

      ·關於2001年至2006年的中期房屋需求,我們的
      目標是透過發展預留用地、原地重建和再用現有
      土地、提供興建房屋用地及策略性增長區,以應
      付預計的需求。

      ·為應付2006年至2011年期間的房屋需求,除上
      述供應來源外,當局更會研究新界西北部、新界
      東北部、港島南部和南丫島的發展潛質。

      加速發展程序

      ·為確保有足夠的房屋供應,當局已採取步驟來
      簡化發展程序。我們現正檢討土地用途政策,以
      便在基建容量和環境因素許可的情況下,重新劃
      分現時的土地用途。我們亦會在1998年引進法例
      ,以便私人機構能夠順利徵集土地。

   2. 增設就業機會的措施

      ·當局建議採取辦公室用地發展策略,以期維持
      香港作為商業、服務和金融區域和國際中心的功
      能。都會區內將有較分散的商業發展模式,環繞
      在交通樞紐和客運鐵路交礇處。

      ·擴展以資訊為本及知識為本的第三級服務行業
      ,使之成為長遠的一連串本港以外製造業的一部
      分。

      ·我們須透過鼓勵推進應用高科技和生產高增值
      產品的新企業,尋求經濟多元化的機會。

   3. 運輸系統

      ·當局應在發展過程的初期提供高容量的客運鐵
      路系統,以及提供一個以道路為本的公共運輸網
      絡,以作輔助。

      ·建議進行的主要鐵路工程,其中包括九廣鐵路
      西鐵路線、地下鐵路的將軍澳支線、馬鞍山至大
      圍鐵路網絡、東九龍線、沿港島中北岸的鐵路走
      廊、地下鐵路的青洲支線、九廣鐵路至西九龍支
      線和可能增設一條新的過海铫。

      ·我們建議採用較密集的南北及東西高容量快速
      公路和增建跨區公路,其中包括中環灣仔繞道和
      東區走廊連接道路、由香港仔至西區的七號公路
      、青衣至西九龍的九號公路、將軍澳至東南九龍
      的新連接路、連繫青洲和北大嶼山的公路、連接
      青龍頭、元朗和后海灣的公路,並包括可以連接
      其他區域的新道路,以及途經新界東部連接都會
      區的公路。

   4. 市區重建

      ·預期都會區仍然會是市民居住和工作的主要活
      動範圍。當局現正檢討都會計劃,制定市區重建
      策略和將於1999年成立市區重建局。

   5. 將焦點放在2001年至2006年的中期策略

      ·優先處理目標是應付2001年至2006年香港的房
      屋發展需求。當局須透過發展尚未發展的住宅用
      地、補充建屋地盤、將舊工業區重新劃分用途和
      發展策略性增長區,才能達到上述目標。

   6. 其他建議

      ·設立科學公園、制定主要港口發展計劃、推廣
      本港的非雠會旅遊點。

      ·在適當的情況下擴展郊野公園和海岸公園,維
      持米埔沼澤區的生態環境整體性。

      ·落實策略性污水排放計劃和採取措施以盡量減
      少產生廢物和減輕空氣污染。

   7. 各項計劃的協調

      ·落實全港發展策略檢討建議,須審慎協調各項
      政策、分配資源、擬備圖則和落實工程。當局須
      透過以目標為本的計劃在落實工程階段層面和政
      策層面上進行協調工作。

   8. 遠瞻規劃概念

      - 在2011年以後的日子裡,香港仍會扮演「樞紐」
      角色,進一步支持內地的經濟發展,因此,我們
      須就下述各點進行研究:

      - 未來港口和有關設施的位置及規模;

      - 使來往位於赤躹角機場和內地的交通更加方便;

      - 提供新界的東西公路網絡,以及連繫深圳經濟特
      區東部各區的跨界連接網絡;

      - 增設新策略性增長區的可能性;以及

      - 探討香港的部分增長需求能否由深圳至廣州的發
      展應付。

      - 為此,我們應就策略性土地用途規劃、共同關
      注的環境問題、新運輸網絡,以及港口和機場發
      展的優先次序,加強跨界聯絡。

   9. 持續發展問題

      - 由於全港發展策略檢討的發展綱領是一個以需
      求為主導的,有人對於發展是否能應付來年的經
      濟壓力表示關注。因此,須考慮設立體制為香港
      的經濟、社會和環境需要而取得平衡這個目標,
      作出整體決策。為此,當局已於1997年9月展開了
      一項重要工作,即廿一世紀持續發展研究。

對環境的影響

12.以現時的政策及技術為基礎,策略性環境評估結果
顯示,有關的中期及長遠策略將會帶來一些無法完全
消除的環境問題。這方面的關注正好反映出必須及時
全面解決已察覺的問題,包括從汽車廢氣的源頭和改
善運輸系統-環境規劃覑手,減少空氣污染,加快策略
性污水處理策略、落實興建能源回收設施、推行減少
廢物措施、評估由各項發展累積而來的影響、有效地
保護重要的生態資源,以及制定有效的政策及計劃,
以協助達成環境持續發展的目標。

對財政的影響

13.當局就各個不同的策略性發展方案,完成了一份廣
泛的財政評估。單就建議的中期策略而言,預計為公
營機構帶來的整體回報淨額約為港幣2,320億元(以1995
年的價格計算)。整體策略性增長的土地發展、策略
性公路和鐵路的公營機構整體開支則預計約為2,390億
元。繼各個別工程的可行性研究進行後,當局便會進
行更詳盡的評估。

對經濟的影響

14.同樣,我們較早前的研究顯示,長遠的全港發展策
略檢討建議會為香港帶來大量的經濟利益,整體的經
濟回報率為13.5%。同時,方案B所帶來的本地生產總
值合共約為1,140億元(以1995年度價格計算)。我們
預計現時的全港發展策略檢討會帶來相同的結果。

宣傳

15.當局將會於今天舉行記者招待會和發放新聞公布。

查詢

16.如有任何查詢,請致電2848 2119與規劃環境地政
局首席助理局長馮永業先生聯絡。

規劃環境地政局
1998年3月26日